COPD Symptoms, Signs & Treatment

Meaning –  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a disease of the lungs, its a term used to describe the lung diseases including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory (non-reversible) asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis.

COPD Symptoms

Breathlessness, seizure of breath, heavy breathing and many more are the quick symptoms of COPD – most people take’s these warning as a normal and everyday part of there life (especially fat people).  COPD could grow over a long period of time in the human body, in most time showing up certain symptoms or worse still showing no symptom at all till in the mid 40’s.

In Africa over 30million people are diagnosed of COPD, and more than half of them doesn’t even know about it. . other symptoms includes

  • Frequent coughing (with and without sputum).
  • Tightening in the chest (most cases when perfume is been sprayed in the surrounding).
  • Pains when breathing.
  • Cant breath when sleeping horizontally.

What to do ?

if you ever face heavy breathing, insufficient air when breathing, tightened chest while breathing , please speak to a doctor and ask him to run a spirometry test.

Common causes of COPD

working environment, direct inhaling of perfumes or aromatic chemicals – like raw fragrance oil, peroxide, Hydro-chloric acid, surphurnic acid , sodium laurel sulphate, Toline, Ethanol, isopropleyglycol.  Smoke from chimes , cigarette (also second hand smoking), automobile, generators. dust from file fragment, and sawed wood etc. Are the major most common causes of COPD.

Other known cause could be genetic factor, which contributes to the individual development of COPD in the body.

Further insight

People who had once worked in factory or  people who had a history of smoking are 99.9% percent sure of getting COPD in there mid 40’s , in fact a report from copdfoundation.org says ” most of the individuals who have COPD (about 90% of them) have smoked.

Worse yet, individual who have never had history of smoking or exposed to pollution could also develop COPD . Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD) is the most commonly known genetic risk factor for emphysema2. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin related COPD is caused by a deficiency of the Alpha-1 Antitrypsin protein in the bloodstream. Without the Alpha-1 Antitrypsin protein, white blood cells begin to harm the lungs and lung deterioration occurs. The World Health Organization and the American Thoracic Society recommends that every individual diagnosed with COPD be tested for Alpha-1.

 

 

 

 



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